Eczema is not caused by dirtiness, see the real causes of eczema and treatment

Eczema is not caused by dirtiness, see the real cause of eczema and treatment

Let's first, understand what eczema is all about. 

What is Eczema?

Eczema is a condition wherein patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, cracked, and rough. Some types can also cause blisters.

Many people use the word eczema when referring to atopic dermatitis, which is the most common type. 

The term atopic, refers to a collection of conditions that involve the immune system, including atopic dermatitis, asthma, and hay fever. The word dermatitis refers to inflammation of the skin.

Atopic dermatitis usually develops in early childhood and is more common in people who have a family history of the condition.

More than 1.5 million cases per year in Nigeria

1.Types Of Eczema

There are at least 11 distinct types of skin condition that produce eczema. In order to develop a rational treatment plan, it is important to distinguish them. This is often not easy. But here we will talk about only three.

1. Atopic dermatitis: This health condition has a genetic basis and produces a common type of eczema. Atopic dermatitis tends to begin early in life in those with a predisposition to inhalant allergies, but it probably does not have an allergic basis.

Characteristically, rashes occur on the cheeks, neck, elbow and knee creases, and ankles

2. Irritant dermatitis: This occurs when the skin is repeatedly exposed to excessive washing or toxic substances

3. Fungal infections: This can produce a pattern identical to many other types of eczema, but the fungus can be visualized with a scraping under the microscope or grown in culture.

2. Common Symptoms Of Eczema

Main cause of eczema

Eczema is not cause by any dirtiness, but by exposure to chemicals that react negatively to your skin.

Though, sometimes dirtiness mostly contribute to it's escalation to other parts of the body. Let's check the kind of foods and chemical reactants that causes the skin condition eczema.

Certain substances or conditions called trigger factors can cause eczema to flare-up: Irritants such as soaps and detergents, wool, skin infections, dry skin, low humidity, heat, sweating or emotional stress. Allergens such as dust mites, pollen, moulds, or foods.

Potential Causes Of Eczema

1. Factors that cause the skin to become dry, and more vulnerable to irritants or infection

2. Genetic factors – eczema runs in families

3. Immune system dysfunction causing an unwanted inflammatory response in the skin.

Sign And Symptoms Of Eczema

1. Itching. This is the worst aspect because it can be upsetting for a young child with eczema.

It also makes the child scratch causing further rawness of the skin and possible infections to develop. 

2. A grainy appearance to the skin, caused by tiny fluid-filled blisters just under the skin called vesicles.

3. Redness caused by extra blood flowing through the blood vessels in the skin in the affected area. 

4. Children with eczema often have dry, scaly skin. This may be the result of the eczema or it may also be the natural skin type of the family. Dry skin can be a predisposing factor to developing eczema. 

Treatment of Eczema

Treatment includes avoiding soap and other irritants. Certain creams or ointments may also provide relief from the itching.

There is currently no cure for eczema. Treatment for the condition aims to heal the affected skin and prevent flares of symptoms.Doctors will suggest a treatment plan based on an individual’s age, symptoms, and current state of health.For some people, eczema goes away over time. For others, however, it is a lifelong condition.

The sections below will list some treatment options.

Home Care

There are several things that people with eczema can do to support skin health and alleviate symptoms

1. taking lukewarm baths

2. wearing cotton and soft fabrics

3. using a humidifier in dry or cold weather

4. air drying or gently patting the skin dry with a towel, rather than rubbing the skin dry after bathing or taking a shower

5.using a mild soap or a non-soap cleanser when washing

6. learning and avoiding individual eczema triggers

7. keeping fingernails short to prevent scratching from breaking the skin


1.Topical corticosteroids creams and ointment

These are anti-inflammatory medications and should relieve the main symptoms of eczema, such as inflammation and itchiness. People can apply them directly to the skin. 

2. Antibiotics: Doctors prescribe antibiotics if eczema occurs alongside a bacterial skin infection.

3. Antiviral and antifungal infection: Thesecan treat fungal and viral infection

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